The Cyber Visegrad Workshop is a one day expert event of the Central European Policy Institute (CEPI) addressing key political and technical questions of further progress in cyber-security and cyber-defence field in the Visegrad region. It will enable key stakeholders from the four countries to share ideas and plan long term partnerships in the field of cyber security.
Cyber security has become, next to economic, energy and military security, a key component of security strategies of the NATO countries. Cyber-attacks of the future will aim at compromising the data and the whole systems, thus undermining the users’ faith in the reliability of internet access and the services provided via the internet. This could affect vital services such as banking system or tax administration.
Proposal for a Cyber security strategy of the European Union („Strategy“) and accompanying Proposal for the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council („Directive“) have been published to outline the EU’s vision in this domain, to clarify roles and responsibilities and to propose actions aimed at securing the EU’s cyber-space. The Commission opted for regulatory approach thus the Strategy is accompanied by a proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning measures to ensure high level of network and information security across the Union.
While the Strategy outlines the overall vision, strategic priorities and actions as well as roles and responsibilities, the Directive aims to ensure that all the member states have in place a minimum level of national capabilities to deal with security challenges in cyber-space. The Strategy assumes that the EU institutions, member states (MS) and industry are key cyber security actors.
In the meantime, NATO has also decided to strengthen its defence capacity to counter cyber-attacks. Member states are centralizing control over the security of NATO’s internet systems, and creating rapid response teams to help allies in case of cyber-attacks. A single body co-ordinating cyber-defence was created: NATO ‘Cyber Defence Management Board’ (CDMB), comprising of those representatives of different NATO structures, who are responsible for cyber security. Further, NATO established a ‘Computer Incident Response Capability’ (NCIRC) to act as an in-house emergency response team.
NATO countries should not be improvising; they ought to think through the scenarios of possible attacks and their likely responses before they become a reality. Additionally, NATO should develop a coherent terminology for defining cyber-concepts. Moreover, cyber-defence and cyber-warfare should become part of NATO military doctrine. NATO needs to produce a set of benchmarks to gauge whether its policy keeps pace with changing threats. After the attacks on Estonia and the 1999 cyber-strike on its networks, it now needs to demonstrate that it is not only aware of the gravity of the threat but also ready to defend against it.
Cyber threats know no boundaries; state-level-only solutions are not sufficient. In order to face the challenges, international co-operation is necessary; the regional groupings, such as the V4, constitute a key element of the multinational efforts, complementing what is being done in this field at the EU and NATO levels. At the moment Central European Policy Institute with its partners from the Visegrad region are implementing two projects dedicated for this issue:
CEPI’s Defence Austerity in the Visegrad Region II (DAV4 II) project analyses how to organise cyber-defence capabilities of the region’s militaries so that they correspond with NATO’s smart defence concept.
CEPI’s Cyber Security in the Visegrad Region (CSV4) project focuses mainly on the role of the member states, particularly in the Visegrad region, in the implementation of the Strategy.
The Cyber Visegrad Workshop will help leverage the efforts made in the framework of these projects by providing a platform to disseminate and advocate findings provided by the Visegrad experts involved in the two projects, to identify next challenges to be explored and to extend the network of the topic-oriented professionals. Moreover, the conference would address the issue of searching for synergies between the EU’s and NATO’s initiatives, as the cyber-security is a complex problem requiring comprehensive solutions.
Official Welcome: Róbert Vass, CEO, Strategy Council; Ivo Samson, Director of the ISDS, Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic; Karla Wursterová, Executive Director, International Visegrad Fund; Pavol Svetík, Director-General of the Defence Policy Section, Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic
Panel 1: Cyber-environment and challenges before the Visegrad 4: The panel will introduce the key findings of CEPI’s research related to the cyber-threats and discuss them with the representatives of public administration, international organisations, NGOs and businesses.
Marcin Terlikowski, Polish Institute of International Affairs; Tomáš Rezek, Association for International Affairs; Marián Majer, Senior Fellow, Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs; Chair: Mário Nicolini, Executive Director, ISDS, Ministry of Defence of the SR
Panel 2: Establishing the cyber-PPP in the Visegrad region?: To what extent can states and business sector co-operate in the field of cyber security issues? How wide the cooperation should be among various actors in the public administration? What could be the key regional projects in the field of cyber security?
Jaroslav Naď, Senior Fellow, Central European Policy Institute; Igor Šenkarčin, Account Executive Manager, ATOS; Ján Bojtoš, Security Channel Manager, IBM Security Systems; Chair: Milan Šuplata, Head of the Security and Defence Programme, CEPI