OSW is a research institution dealing with analyses and forecast studies of the political, social and economic situation in: the countries neighbouring Poland and in the Baltic Sea region, the Balkans, the Caucasus and Central Asia. OSW was established in 1990. On 1 January 2012 it was granted the status of a state-supervised legal entity whose activities are regulated by the act of 15 July 2011 (Journal of Laws [Dz. U.] no. 173, item 1029). OSW currently employs around 40 analysts.