The European Union (EU) has sought to leave the 2015-2016 political crisis, triggered by mismanaged migration flows, behind. But Turkey’s decision in early March 2020 to encourage thousands of migrants to try to cross into Europe and the coronavirus pandemic have brought back a heightened level of anxiety. The durability and resilience of the Schengen zone is now being questioned once again. Migration pressures from outside the EU risk refuelling right-wing nationalism and political divisions. The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic that began rapidly spreading in Europe in March 2020, moreover, presents a new kind of test. 

This paper aims to evaluate the progress made over the past several years, highlight potential future scenarios for the Schengen zone, and propose recommendations on how to fix Schengen in order to improve its functionality. 

Please read the Policy Paper nr 4 (2020): “Nothing but Schengen Matters Updating Schengen: political and technocratic patches ” by Alena Kudzko in the attachment below. 

This Policy Paper is produced within GLOSBEC DIFF GOV – „European Governance: Potential of Differentiated Cooperation“, an international project that explores the potential for flexible modes of cooperation between European Union member states and is supported by Jean Monnet Activities of the EU Programme Erasmus+. 

The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.